Canandaigua Treaty Commemoration: 225th Anniversary

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Date(s) - 11/11/2019
1:30 pm - 6:00 pm

Canandaigua Primary School


On Monday, November 11, the public is invited to join the 225th anniversary of the historic, federal Canandaigua Treaty of 1794, celebrated at the location of its original signing.

The annual commemoration serves to “polish the chain of peace and friendship” between the Hodinöhsö:ni’ (Six Nations Confederacy) and the young United States. The treaty was signed by Colonel Timothy Pickering—official agent of President George Washington—and sachems from the Six Nations Grand Council. It signified peace between the two and recognized the sovereignty of the other as distinct nations to govern and set their own laws.

Two descendants of Colonel Pickering—Ambassador Thomas Pickering and Timothy (Tim) Pickering—will be in attendance.

Attendees gather at 1:30 pm outside the Canandaigua Primary School for a march to the front lawn of the Ontario County Courthouse led by Hodinöhsö:ni’ Chiefs followed by representatives from their nations and the public. At 2:00 pm, Ganondagan State Historic Site Manager Peter Jemison (Seneca) opens the commemoration ceremony with the traditional Thanksgiving Address. Hodinosohni’ leaders and other officials will be present, plus Quaker representatives whose ancestors—as people of peace—were witness to the original signing, ensuring fair negotiations.

From 12-4 pm, attendees are invited to the Ontario County Historical Society to view one of only two original copies of the treaty, plus pertinent letters. At 5:30 pm at the Primary School auditorium, Peter Jemison will present the keynote speech on the significance of the Canandaigua Treaty.